The LeanLaunch Pad at Stanford – Class 2: Business Model Hypotheses

Our new Stanford Lean LaunchPad class was an experiment in a new model of teaching startup entrepreneurship. This post is part two. Part one is here. Syllabus here.

By now the nine teams in our Stanford Lean LaunchPad Class were formed, In the four days between team formation and this class session we tasked them to:

  • Write down their initial hypotheses for the 9 components of their company’s business model (who are the customers? what’s the product? what distribution channel? etc.)
  • Come up with ways to test each of the 9 business model canvas hypotheses
  • Decide what constitutes a pass/fail signal for the test. At what point would you say that your hypotheses wasn’t even close to correct?
  • Consider if their business worth pursuing? (Give us an estimate of market size)
  • Start their team’s blog/wiki/journal to record their progress during for the class

The Nine Teams Present
Each week every team presented a 10 minute summary of what they had done and what they learned that week. As each team presented, the teaching team would ask questions and give suggestions (at times pointed ones) for things the students missed or might want to consider next week. (These presentations counted for 30% of their grade. We graded them on a scale of 1-5, posted our grades and comments to a shared Google doc, and had our Teaching Assistant aggregate the grades and feedback to pass on to the teams.)

Our first team up was Autonomow. Their business was a robot lawn mower. Off to a running start, they not only wrote down their initial business model hypotheses but they immediately got out of the building and began interviewing prospective customers to test their three most critical assumptions in any business:
Value PropositionCustomer Segment and Channel. Their hypotheses when they first left the campus were:

  • Value Proposition:  Labor costs in mowing and weeding applications are significant, and autonomous implementation would solve the problem.
  • Customer Segment: Owners/administrators of large green spaces (golf courses, universities, etc.) would buy an autonomous mower.  Organic farmers would buy if the Return On Investment (ROI) is less than 1 year.
  • Channel: Mowing and agricultural equipment dealers

All teams kept a blog – almost like a diary – to record everything they did. Reading the Autonomow blog for the first week, you could already see their first hypotheses starting to shift: “For mowing applications, we talked to the Stanford Ground Maintenance, Stanford Golf Course supervisor for grass maintenance, a Toro distributor, and an early adopter of an autonomous lawn mower. For weeding applications, we spoke with both small and large farms. In order from smallest (40 acres) to largest (8000+ acres):  Paloutzian Farms, Rainbow Orchards, Rincon Farms, REFCO Farms, White Farms, and Bolthouse Farms.”

“We got some very interesting feedback, and overall interest in both systems,” reported the team. “Both hypotheses (mowing and weeding) passed, but with some reservations (especially from those whose jobs they would replace!)  We also got good feedback from Toro with respect to another hypothesis – selling through distributor vs. selling direct to the consumer.”

The Autonomow team summarized their findings in their first 10 minute, weekly Lesson Learned presentation to the class.

Our feedback: be careful they didn’t make this a robotics science project and instead make sure they spent more time outside the building.

If you can’t see the slide deck above, click here.

Autonomow team members:
Jorge Heraud (MS Management, 2011) Business Unit Director, Agriculture, Trimble Navigation, Director of Engineering, Trimble Navigation, MS&E (Stanford), MSEE (Stanford), BSEE (PUCP, Peru)
Lee Redden (MSME Robotics, Jun 2011) Research in haptic devices, autonomous systems and surgical robots, BSME (U Nebraska at Lincoln), Family Farms in Nebraska
Joe Bingold (MBA, Jun 2011) Head of Product Development for Naval Nuclear Propulsion Plant Control Systems, US Navy, MSME (Naval PGS), BSEE (MIT), P.E. in Control Systems
Fred Ford (MSME, Mar 2011) Senior Eng for Mechanical Systems on Military Satellites, BS Aerospace Eng (U of Michigan)
Uwe Vogt (MBA, Jun 2011) Technical Director & Co-Owner, Sideo Germany (Sub. Vogt Holding), PhD Mechanical Engineering  (FAU, Germany), MS Engineering (ETH Zurich, Switzerland

The mentors who volunteered to help this team were Sven Strohbad, Ravi Belani and George Zachary.

Personal Libraries
Our next team up was Personal Libraries which proposed to help researchers manage, share and reference the thousands of papers in their personal libraries. “We increase a researcher’s productivity with a personal reference management system that eliminates tedious tasks associated with discovering, organizing and citing their industry readings,” wrote the team. What was unique about this team was that Xu Cui, a Stanford postdoc in Neuroscience, had built the product to use for his own research. By the time he joined the class, the product was being used in over a hundred research organizations including Stanford, Harvard, Pfizer, the National Institute of Health and Peking University. The problem is that the product was free for end users and few Research institutions purchased site licenses. The goal was to figure out whether this product could become a company.

The Personal Libraries core hypotheses were:

  • We solve enough pain for researchers to drive purchase
  • Dollar size of deals is sufficient to be profitable with direct sales strategy
  • The market is large enough for a scalable business

Our feedback was that “free” and “researchers in universities” was often the null set for a profitable business.

If you can’t see the slide above, click here.

Personal Libraries Team Members
Abhishek Bhattacharyya (MSEE, Jun 2011) creator of WT-Ecommerce, an open source engine, Ex-NEC engineer
Xu Cui (Ph.D, Jun 2007 Baylor) Stanford Researcher Neuroscience, postdoc, BS biology from Peking University
Mike Dorsey (MBA/MSE, Jun 2011) B.S. in computer science, environmental engineering and middle east studies from Stanford, Austin College and the American University in Cairo
Becky Nixon (MSE, Jun 2011) BA mathematics and psychology Tulane University Ex-Director, Scion Group,
Ian Tien (MBA, Jun 2011) MS in Computer Science from Cornell, Microsoft Office Engineering Manager for SharePoint, and former product manager for SkyDrive

The mentors who volunteered to help this team were Konstantin Guericke and Bryan Stolle.

The Week 2 Lecture: Value Proposition
Our working thesis was not one we shared with the class – we proposed to teach entrepreneurship the way you would teach artists – deep theory coupled with immersive hands-on experience.

Our lecture this week covered Value Proposition – what problem will the customer pay you to solve?  What is the product and service you were offering the customer to solve that problem.

If you can’t see the slide above, click here.

Feeling Good
Seven other teams presented after the first two (we’ll highlight a few more of them in the next posts.) About half way through the teaching team started looking at each other all with the same expression – we may be on to something here.


Next week – Class 3 each team tests their value proposition hypotheses (their product/service)  and reports the results of face-to-face customer discovery. Stay tuned
Listen to this post here: Download this Podcast here

13 Responses

  1. Exciting to see the class in progress. I have talked to two different students who are starting businesses and tried to share this process with them. Both wanted to just write up the business plan. But eventually this will catch on!

  2. “Our feedback – be careful they didn’t make this a robotics science project and instead make sure they spent more time outside the building.”

    Great advice – Huge risk, especially among tech types. People, and collective teams have a tendency to gravitate towards their comfort zone, which usually isn’t leaving the building 🙂

  3. […] taught to students that want to have sound business models for their business models by people like Steve Blank at Stanford and Shawn Smith at Simon Fraser […]

  4. In regards to the mower, did the team investigate the possibility of negating the warranty on equipment via direct sales (guess we will know more next week)

    Really interesting experiment. Sure wish the iPad application for the BM would ship …

  5. This is the coolest thing I have read in a while. Many do I wish I was in this course. I posted some comments on the Autonomow slide share. Very cool stuff!

  6. The Personal Libraries team probably has investigated competitors but just in case, check out the article

    Interesting Software: More on Scrivener
    By James Fallows
    Jun 4 2010, 7:09 PM ET

  7. […] month, I was fortunate enough to attend one of the final Lean LaunchPad classes taught by Steve Blank, Ann Miura-Ko, and Jon Feiber at Stanford. One big message was on the […]

  8. Ahh, would be so nice to have the video / audio to go along with the slideshare presentation.

  9. […] model of teaching startup entrepreneurship. This post is part three. Part one is here, two is here. Syllabus […]

  10. […] new model of teaching startup entrepreneurship. This post is part four. Part one is here, two is here and three is here. Syllabus […]

  11. […] it to Test Your Market and Your Assumptions: Steve Blank likes to say that a business model is just a set of hypotheses about the market. So you can use the business model to test your assumptions about what will work […]

  12. […] acjardim A New Way to Teach Entrepreneurship – The Lean LaunchPad at Stanford: Class 1 The LeanLaunch Pad at Stanford – Class 2: Business Model Hypotheses The LeanLaunch Pad at Stanford – Class 3: Value Proposition Hypotheses The LeanLaunch Pad at […]

  13. […] Steve Blank has added a fourth idea that a Business Model is just a set of hypotheses about the market. […]

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